Cerebral palsy (CP) is a problem that affects muscle tone, movement, and motor skills. It hinders the body’s ability to move in a coordinated and purposeful way. It also can affect other body functions that involve motor skills and muscles, like breathing, bladder and bowel control, eating, and talking.CP often is caused by brain damage that happens before or during a baby’s birth, or during the first 3-to-5 years of a child’s life. Brain damage also can lead to other issues, like sight, hearing, and learning problems. There is no cure for CP, but a child’s quality of life can improve with therapy, including physical therapy, occupational therapy, and speech therapy.
Cystic fibrosis is a progressive, genetic disease that causes persistent lung infections and limits the ability to breathe over time.Cystic fibrosis is a complex disease and the types and severity of symptoms can differ widely from person to person. Many different factors, such as age of diagnosis, can affect an individual’s health and the course of the disease.Because the type and severity of CF symptoms can differ widely from person to person treatment plans are tailored to each individual’s unique circumstances.
Down syndrome (DS), also called Trisomy 21, is a condition in which a person is born with an extra chromosome. The chromosomes of a person contain thousands of genes. Those genes carry the information that determines your traits which are the features or characteristics passed on to you from your parents. The extra chromosome with Down Syndrome causes delays in the way a child develops, mentally and physically. Down syndrome affects someones’ ability to learn in different ways, but most have mild to moderate intellectual impairment. People with Down Syndrome can and do learn, and are capable of developing skills throughout their lives.
Fragile X Syndrome is an inherited disorder caused by changes within a gene (FMR1) that render it unable to produce a certain protein (FMRP) that is vital to normal brain development. Signs that a child might have Fragile X syndrome include Developmental delays (not sitting, walking, or talking at the same time as other children the same age); Learning disabilities (trouble learning new skills); and Social and behavior problems (such as not making eye contact, anxiety, trouble paying attention, hand flapping, acting and speaking without thinking, and being very active).
Mitochondria are the “energy factory” of our body. Mitochondrial disorders are long-term, genetic, often inherited disorders that occur when mitochondria fail to produce enough energy for the body to function properly. There is no cure for a mitochondrial disorder, but medicine and other therapies can help many people treat their symptoms.
Muscular dystrophy (MD) is a genetic disorder that gradually weakens the body’s muscles. It’s caused by incorrect or missing genetic information that prevents the body from making the proteins needed to build and maintain healthy muscles. Muscular dystrophy is often degenerative, meaning that it slowly affects more organs and can’t be reversed. So, kids may pass through different stages as it progresses and need different kinds of treatment. During the early stages, physical therapy, joint bracing, and medications are often used.
Torticollis is fairly common in newborns. Boys and girls are equally likely to develop the head tilt. It can be present at birth or take up to 3 months to happen. In newborns, torticollis can happen due to the baby’s position in the womb or after a difficult childbirth. This is called infant torticollis or congenital muscular torticollis. Torticollis causes the baby to have a neck tilt and tight neck muscles. This can be corrected with physical therapy.