What is Down Syndrome?
Down syndrome (DS), also called Trisomy 21, is a condition in which a person is born with an extra chromosome. The chromosomes of a person contain thousands of genes. Those genes carry the information that determines your traits which are the features or characteristics passed on to you from your parents. The extra chromosome with Down Syndrome causes delays in the way a child develops, mentally and physically. Down syndrome affects someones' ability to learn in different ways, but most have mild to moderate intellectual impairment. People with Down Syndrome can and do learn, and are capable of developing skills throughout their lives.